The Causes of Corns and Calluses


The inherent friction and pressure on the feet that is caused by your shoes can initiate the growth of a thick layer of protective skin called a callus as a natural response to the irritation. In the beginning stages, calluses are not always painful. However, when they form on the heels or balls of the feet, the cracks or fissures in the skin can become hardened and more susceptible to bleeding and infection.

Corns are another type of skin reaction that typically forms on the tops or sides of the toes, or on other locations including the heels. Corns can become very painful over time if they are untreated, possibly becoming infected and leading to amputation. Corns can look similar to plantar warts which is why you should see your podiatrist for the right diagnosis and treatment. People who have toe deformities like bunions and hammertoes are more likely to develop corns, which often appear on top of hammertoes where they can worsen from rubbing against your shoes.

Treatment for corns and calluses

For less severe corn and callus problems, these tips will help:

●     Wear the correct shoes—Properly-fitted, comfortable shoes with the correct arch support and a wide toe box will give your toes room and help prevent rubbing.

●     Padding—Moleskin corn pads can help isolate them so they rub and hurt less.

●     Soak your feet—Soaking your feet in warm water will help to soften dead skin for easier removal of the corn or callus.

●     Shave off dead skin— A pumice stone or file can be used to gently rub away the dead skin.

●     Over-the-counter corn treatments—Kits for corn removal contain salicylic acid treatment to help dissolve corns.

Patients with diabetes should avoid using salicylic acid treatments and seek the help of your foot specialist for worry-free corn and callus removal.

If you are experiencing painful corns and calluses, it is time to see your podiatrist. Call Achilles Foot and Ankle Surgery, PC located in Martins Ferry, Ohio and St. Clairsville, Ohio, as well as Wheeling West Virginia. With access to advanced technologies, Dr. Bruce G. Blank and his staff can help you manage all of your foot and ankle conditions. Call 740-633-4188 or make an appointment online today.